Browse through the primary complications that can result from tattooing:
• Infection. Unsterile tattooing equipment and needles can transmit infectious diseases, such as hepatitis and skin infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus ("staph") bacteria.
Tattoos are gotten at facilities not regulated by your state or at facilities that use unsterile equipment (or re-use ink) may prevent you from being accepted as a blood or plasma donor for twelve months.
• Removal problems. Despite advances in laser technology, removing a tattoo is a painstaking process, usually involving several treatments and considerable expense. Complete elimination without scarring may be impossible.
• Allergic reactions. Although FDA has received reports of numerous adverse reactions associated with certain shades of ink in permanent makeup, marketed by a particular manufacturer, reports of allergic reactions to tattoo pigments have been rare.
Though, when they happen they may be particularly troublesome because the pigments can be hard to remove.
Sometimes, people may develop an allergic reaction to tattoos they have had for years.
• Granulomas. These are nodules that may form around material that the body perceives as foreign, such as particles of tattoo pigment.
• Keloid formation. If you are prone to developing keloids - scars that grow beyond normal boundaries - you are at risk of keloid formation from a tattoo. Keloids can form any time you injure or traumatize your skin.
- Micropigmentation: State of the Art, a book written by Charles Zwerling, M.D., Annette Walker, R.N., and Norman Goldstein, M.D., states that keloids occur more frequently as a consequence of tattoo removal.
• MRI complications. There have been reports of people with tattoos or permanent makeup who experienced swelling or burning in the affected areas when they underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). It seems to occur only rarely and apparently without lasting effects.
Also there have been reports of tattoo pigments interfering with the quality of the image. It seems to occur mainly when a person with permanent eyeliner undergoes MRI of the eyes. A similar effect may produce Mascara. The only difference is that mascara is easily removable.
The cause of complications is uncertain. Some scientists have theorized that they result from an interaction with the metallic components of some pigments.
Nevertheless, the risks of avoiding an MRI when your doctor has recommended one are likely to be much greater than the risks of complications from an interaction between the MRI and tattoo or permanent makeup.